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                          Hepatica descriptions  



Diverse planter/Beskrivelse






Hepatica nobilis

Diverse arter/Different species


Hepatica nobilis var. japonica

Bladformer/Leaf forms


Mine egne krydsninger/ My own cross

Hepatica list


Hepatica, belongs to the Buttercup family, is a small genus consisting of only 5 to 9 species. It grows easily in woodland with deciduous trees. Some species growing wild on limestone, others grow in peat soil, but all like a good leaf mould.

Hepatica nobilis

The most common species. It grows in Europe, Asia, Russia and America. Beautiful glossy green or sometimes marble leaf. Flower colors are normally blue, but can also be red, pink and white, and all shades in between. The flower has usually 7 petals, or more and may even be double.

Hepatica nobilis var. glabrata

There are several varieties of the European species. The variety; glabra, which has white flowers and light foliage and there is no hair. It's smaller and more slowly growing than the common species.

Hepatica nobilis v. pyrenaica

This variety of H. nobilis, which comes from the Pyrenees, has silver-colored marble leaf. The flower may be blue, pink or white.

Hepatica nobilis

A plant with spotted flowers, as we bought a few years ago.
Hepatica nobilis 'Picos Strain' Picos Strain can be found in several colours. It has fine marbled leaves and large flowers.

Hepatica insularis

Occurrence in Korea. Flower in March-April, usually white,  other colours rarely. This species requires very draining soil. It can be a variety of H. nobilis.

Hepatica x media Millstream Merlin

A beautiful introduction made of Lincoln Foster. Hepatica x media is a cross between H. nobilis and H. transsilvanica.

Hepatica transsilvanica

Occurrence in Hungary and Romania, where it occurs on steep slopes in deciduous forests, more dry conditions than H. nobilis. The leaves, there are rare over the winter, is toothed, 5 lobed and lighter green than at H. nobilis. The flower is more light blue and larger than that of H. nobilis. As at H. nobilis, there are pink, white and double forms, and many varieties name. Lime-loving as H. nobilis.

Hepatica japonica

Hepatica japonica which grows on the eastern and northern half of the Japanese island Honshu. Is it generally smaller than the European H. nobilis. The colour is usually white but can be pink, dark-purple and red. Grown as H. nobilis but is it not as tough in Denmark as the European species.

Hepatica japonica

The Japanese cultivar derive from mutated forms found in nature, for about 30 years ago. The Japanese cultivar is typically divided into nine types, but because of the intensive crossing, it can be difficult to see what type of some cultivar belongs.

Hepatica japonica 'Hakurin'

Belongs to the Nidan types, all stamens are change to petals; those are sitting in a ring. You can not pollinate other Hepatica with this type, but you can pollinate this type with pollen from another Hepatica.

Hepatica japonica 'Kuukai'

Belongs to the Karako types.
Karako means "Chinese children" and refers to the flower, as look like haw they put hair on Chinese children.

Hepatica japonica 'Getsurin'

Belongs to the Chyouji types where the f
ilament is converted into petalled, but it can set seed because the pistil is intact. It is similar to Nidan type, however, they transformed filament curly when the Nidan types are more flat lying.

Hepatica japonica 'Suien'

Belongs to the Senjyu Types.
Senju type contains all filled, sterile types. Also known as the "one thousand-layer" type. Available in several colours.

Hepatica japonica 'Benikujyaku'

Belongs to the Sandan types.
Sedan types is probably the most sought-after types of collectors. Pistils are changed into petals and often stamens are also being changed, but it can have pollen, if the stamens are normal. This pollen can be used for pollination of Nidan and Single types.

Hepatica japonica

There are both one japonica and one pubescens which has the name 'Hohobeni'. Hepatica japonica 'Hohobeni' have filled pink flowers. Hepatica pubescens 'Hohobeni' have single pink flowers with a white center.